Kingdom: Animale.


“This set-up investigates how bacterial cellulose can be guided to grow an endless roll of material. A stepper motor slowly turns a shaft which pulls the cellulose layer out of the nutrient liquid. The apparatus plays with the idea of harvesting a living material by allowing the growth to proceed constantly.”. (Schwabe, 2012)

Material Qualities

Kingdom Attributes

  • Unique
  • Irregular
  • Surprising
  • Crafted

Specific Material Attributes

  • Uncomfortable
  • Agressive
  • Honest
  • Resistant
  • Curly
  • Disorganized
  • Interlaced

Basic Ingredients

  • Bacteria cellulose.


Studio Stefan Schwabe

+ 49 (0)3683/ 6465199


Images property of the material owners.

– Schwabe, S. (2012) Growing a Roll. Bacteria cellulose research, London 2012. Retrieved from

-Photos by Thijs Wolzak.